Psoriasis is a painful and very embarrassing condition that affects many millions of people worldwide. The process of how to cure Psoriasis is often prolonged and once under control, preventative treatment is often needed for the rest of their life. The treatments for the most severe cases of Psoriasis often bring with them their own side effects and these need to be weighed up against the severity of the condition.
In the vast majority of cases, Psoriasis is treated with medication bought over the counter. This may include medicated shampoos, creams, ointments, gels and soaps. These are available over the counter and contain the active ingredients Salicylic Acid and Coal Tar. These medications are usually very effective in the treatment of mild Psoriasis. The type of medication used is often dependant on the site of the patches.
For more severe cases, the doctor may prescribe prescription medication. Again, these are usually applied to the site of the Psoriasis, but are stronger than those medicines bought over the counter.
- Antimicrobials, they are usually used for yeast infections
- Calcipotriene, which is a derivative of vitamin D
- Betamethasone Dipropionate, which is a strong steroid
- Tazarotene, which is a derivative of vitamin A
There are also other steroids that can be used as well as or instead of these. There are also higher doses of Salicylic Acid and Coal Tar.
In order for the treatments to work effectively, they need to be applied directly to the affected area. This is a long process and can take over eight weeks to improve.
If the Psoriasis is mild, they can be treated with steroid injections into the affected areas. Or in some cases, exposure to natural sunlight in combination with medication applied to the scalp, can offer an improvement.
Very Severe Cases
As a last resort, or if the medication is not improving the situation, then there are other treatments that can be used such as phototherapy. This uses either a laser or non-laser light source on the affected areas. Another option is the use of Ultraviolet light, using what is called a UV Comb on the whole of the scalp. There are also stronger medications that can be used either orally or by injection, these include:
- High doses of Vitamin A and D
The use of these medications are not without risks themselves. One of the side-effects from these drugs is possible liver damage. For this reason, doctors will often discuss such treatment with the patient so that the pros and cons are fully weighed up.
Psoriasis is a condition that usually responds well with early diagnosis and treatment, so it is important that if there are any of these symptoms, that early medical advice is sought. This will also help prevent secondary problems such as hair loss, scarring of the skin which can result in movement limitations and prolonged infections that require strong antibiotics.